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bc组建证书

更新时间: 2014-01-05 02:55:56 责任编辑: Author_N1

 

BC组装证书
package cn.dong.cert;

import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Vector;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.Security;
import java.security.PublicKey;
import java.security.Signature;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.security.PrivateKey;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERSet;
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERUTCTime;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERInteger;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERSequence;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERBitString;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x500.X500Name;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.KeyUsage;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.Attribute;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERTaggedObject;
import org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Base64;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.GeneralName;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.GeneralNames;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.CRLDistPoint;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.KeyPurposeId;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERPrintableString;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERGeneralizedTime;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.GeneralSubtree;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.PolicyMappings;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.DERObjectIdentifier;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.ASN1EncodableVector;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.X509Extensions;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.NameConstraints;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.ExtendedKeyUsage;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.BasicConstraints;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.AccessDescription;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.PolicyInformation;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.DistributionPoint;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.AlgorithmIdentifier;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.SubjectKeyIdentifier;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.SubjectPublicKeyInfo;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.DistributionPointName;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.PrivateKeyUsagePeriod;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.AuthorityKeyIdentifier;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.TBSCertificateStructure;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.X509ExtensionsGenerator;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.X509CertificateStructure;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.X509CertificateObject;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.V3TBSCertificateGenerator;
import org.bouncycastle.asn1.x509.SubjectDirectoryAttributes;

public class CertService {

	public static void main(String[] agrs) throws Exception {
		
		Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider()); // 加载BC Provider
		
		int certValidity = 1; // 证书有效期
		
		X500Name subject = new X500Name("CN=root,O=O,OU=OU"); //证书主题
		 
		X500Name issuer = new X500Name("CN=root,O=O,OU=OU");  //证书颁发者
		
		KeyPair kp = genKeyPair("RSA"); // 产生RSA算法密钥对
		
		PrivateKey priKey = kp.getPrivate();
		PublicKey pubKey = kp.getPublic();
		
		// 签发根证书
		TBSCertificateStructure tbsCert = createTbsCert(certValidity, issuer,
				subject, pubKey, pubKey);
		
		// 签名算法
		AlgorithmIdentifier alg = tbsCert.getSignature();
		
		// 对证书主题进行签名
		byte[] signData = sign(pubKey.getAlgorithm(), tbsCert.getEncoded(),
				priKey);

		// 构建证书
		ASN1EncodableVector asn1Vector = new ASN1EncodableVector();
		asn1Vector.add(tbsCert.getDERObject());
		asn1Vector.add(alg.getDERObject());
		asn1Vector.add(new DERBitString(signData));
		X509CertificateObject cert = new X509CertificateObject(
				new X509CertificateStructure(new DERSequence(asn1Vector)));
		
		// 打印证书的base64编码
		System.out.println("certBuf:"
				+ new String(Base64.encode(cert.getEncoded())));
		cert.verify(cert.getPublicKey()); // 验证签名,无异常验签通过

		FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream("cert.cer");
		fos.write(cert.getEncoded());
		fos.flush();
		fos.close();
	}

	// 创建证书
	public static TBSCertificateStructure createTbsCert(int certValidity,
			X500Name IssuerName, X500Name subjectName, PublicKey certPubKey,
			PublicKey issuerKey) throws Exception {
		// 证书有效期
		Date notBefore = new Date();
		long validity = certValidity * 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24;
		Date notAfter = new Date(notBefore.getTime() + validity);

		// 证书公钥信息
		SubjectPublicKeyInfo pubInfo = SubjectPublicKeyInfo
				.getInstance(certPubKey.getEncoded());

		// 组装证书主体
		V3TBSCertificateGenerator genCert = new V3TBSCertificateGenerator();
		genCert.setStartDate(new DERUTCTime(notBefore));
		genCert.setSubject(new X500Name("CN=root,O=O,OU=OU"));
		genCert.setIssuer(new X500Name("CN=root,O=O,OU=OU"));
		genCert.setEndDate(new DERUTCTime(notAfter));
		genCert.setSerialNumber(new DERInteger((int) System.currentTimeMillis()));
		genCert.setSubjectPublicKeyInfo(pubInfo);
		genCert.setSignature(new AlgorithmIdentifier("1.2.840.113549.1.1.5")); // SHA1withRSA
		X509Extensions exts = genCertExtensions(issuerKey, certPubKey); // 创建证书扩展项
		genCert.setExtensions(exts);

		return genCert.generateTBSCertificate();
	}

	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	public static X509Extensions genCertExtensions(PublicKey issuerKey,
			PublicKey subjectKey) throws Exception {
		X509ExtensionsGenerator extGen = new X509ExtensionsGenerator();

		/**
		 * 基本用途限制
		 * 
		 * BasicConstraints := SEQUENCE { cA BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE, 是否是CA证书
		 * pathLenConstraint INTEGER (0..MAX) OPTIONAL 证书链长度约束 }
		 */
		BasicConstraints basicConstraints = new BasicConstraints(false, 0);
		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.BasicConstraints, true,
				basicConstraints);

		/**
		 * 密钥用法 The KeyUsage object.
		 * 
		 *  id-ce-keyUsage OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=  { id-ce 15 }
		 * 
		 *  KeyUsage ::= BIT STRING {
		 *   digitalSignature (0), 数据验签:除了签发证书/签发CRL之外的各种数字签名操作,
		 *     数据完整性、身份鉴别、数据源鉴别。检查算法可以做签名  digitalSignature位被断
		 *     言,当主题公开密钥用一数字的签名算法来支持安全 服务而非抗抵赖性(位1)、签名
		 *     证书(位5)或者签名撤销信息(位6) 的时候。数字的签名算法常常为实体和数据起源
		 *     (做)完整性验证。
		 *     
		 *   nonRepudiation   (1), 不可抵赖性:证书对应的私钥,用于生成非否认的证据,证书
		 *      用于验证非否认证据。
		 *      
		 *   keyEncipherment  (2), 密钥加密:用于加密传输其他的密钥。检查可以加密密钥
		 *        keyEncipherment位被断言,当主题公开密钥被用于密钥传输的时候。例如,当一
		 *        RSA密钥用于密钥管理时候,那么这位将被断言。
		 *        
		 *   dataEncipherment (3), 数据加密:用于直接加解密应用数据,
		 *     通常都是公钥->对称密钥->应用数据。一般很少用这种方式的应用,因为:在密钥长度
		 *     安全的情况下,公钥密钥计算都是慢于对称密钥计算。检查可以加密数据  当主题公开密
		 *     钥用于(除了密码学的密钥)将用户数据加密使用的时候,dataEncipherment位被断言。
		 *   keyAgreement     (4), 密钥协商:在通信方之间协商对称密钥,例如:TLS、
		 *      Diffie-Hellman的密钥协商。不同于keyEncipherment. KeyEncipherment是直接对
		 *      Session Key进行加密  KeyAgreement是协商,别公钥加密的数据并不是直接作为密钥,
		 *      而是经过了一个多次步骤的过程,再导出Session Key。
		 *      
		 *   keyCertSign      (5), 签发证书:用于签发CA证书。 keyAgreement位被断言,当主题
		 *       公开密钥为用于密钥协议的时候。例如,当一Diffie Hellman密钥是要为密钥管理被使
		 *       用的时候,那么这位将被断言。
		 *     
		 *   cRLSign          (6), 签发crl:签发CRL,CA或者CRL Issuer
		 *     
		 *   encipherOnly     (7), 证书公钥在密钥协商过程中,仅仅进行加密计算,配合
		 *       KeyAgreement用法才有意义
		 *     
		 *   decipherOnly     (8) }证书公钥在密钥协商过程中,仅仅进行解密计算,配合
		 *       KeyAgreement用法才有意义
		 *  }
		 * 
		 */

		int usage = KeyUsage.digitalSignature;
		usage += KeyUsage.nonRepudiation;
		usage += KeyUsage.keyEncipherment;
		usage += KeyUsage.dataEncipherment;
		usage += KeyUsage.keyAgreement;
		usage += KeyUsage.keyCertSign;
		usage += KeyUsage.cRLSign;
		usage += KeyUsage.encipherOnly;
		usage += KeyUsage.decipherOnly;

		KeyUsage keyUsage = new KeyUsage(usage);

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.KeyUsage, true, keyUsage);

		/**
		 * 增强型密钥用法 The extendedKeyUsage object.
		 * 
		 * <pre>
		 *      extendedKeyUsage ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF KeyPurposeId
		 * </pre>
		 */
		ASN1EncodableVector asn1ExtKeyUsage = new ASN1EncodableVector();
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.anyExtendedKeyUsage); // 任何用途
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_serverAuth); // SSL的服务器认证
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_clientAuth); // SSL的客户端认证
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_codeSigning); // 代码签名
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_emailProtection); // 电子邮件的加解密、签名等
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_ipsecEndSystem); //
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_ipsecTunnel); //
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_ipsecUser); //
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_timeStamping); // 时间戳 认证
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_OCSPSigning); // ocsp证书认证
		/*
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_dvcs);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_sbgpCertAAServerAuth);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_scvp_responder);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_eapOverPPP);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_eapOverLAN);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_scvpServer);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_scvpClient);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_ipsecIKE);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_capwapAC);
		 * asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_capwapWTP);
		 */
		asn1ExtKeyUsage.add(KeyPurposeId.id_kp_smartcardlogon);

		ExtendedKeyUsage extendedKeyUsage = new ExtendedKeyUsage(
				new DERSequence(asn1ExtKeyUsage));

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.ExtendedKeyUsage, true,
				extendedKeyUsage);

		/**
		 * 证书撤销:已证书扩展的形式,给出了“检查本证书所需要的CRL文件,到上面地方获取” CRL
		 * DP中的信息是有多个DisributionPoint组成:每个DisributionPoint都存放CRL,
		 * CA可以在多个地方存放CRL
		 * 
		 * crl Produce an object suitable for an ASN1OutputStream.
		 * 
		 * <pre>
		 * CRLDistPoint ::= SEQUENCE SIZE {1..MAX} OF DistributionPoint
		 * </pre>
		 * 
		 * -- CRL distribution points extension OID and syntax
		 * 
		 * id-ce-cRLDistributionPoints OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {id-ce 31}
		 * 
		 * CRLDistributionPoints ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF DistributionPoint
		 * 
		 * DistributionPoint ::= SEQUENCE { distributionPoint [0]
		 * DistributionPointName OPTIONAL, reasons [1] ReasonFlags OPTIONAL,
		 * cRLIssuer [2] GeneralNames OPTIONAL }
		 * 
		 * DistributionPointName ::= CHOICE { fullName [0] GeneralNames,
		 * nameRelativeToCRLIssuer [1] RelativeDistinguishedName }
		 */
		Map<Integer, String> map = new HashMap<Integer, String>();
		// map.put(GeneralName.otherName, "cn=otherName");
		map.put(GeneralName.rfc822Name, "cn=rfc822Name");
		map.put(GeneralName.dNSName, "192.168.30.241");
		// map.put(GeneralName.x400Address, "cn=x400Address");
		map.put(GeneralName.directoryName, "cn=root");
		// map.put(GeneralName.ediPartyName, "cn=ediPartyName");
		map.put(GeneralName.uniformResourceIdentifier, "http://certService/crl");
		map.put(GeneralName.iPAddress, "192.168.30.24");
		map.put(GeneralName.registeredID, "1.1.0.2.1");

		DistributionPoint[] dps = new DistributionPoint[map.size()];
		int i = 0;
		for (int key : map.keySet()) {
			GeneralName gn = null;
			if (key == GeneralName.otherName || key == GeneralName.ediPartyName) {
				continue;
			} else if (key == GeneralName.x400Address) {
				continue;
			} else {
				gn = new GeneralName(key, map.get(key));
			}

			GeneralNames gns = new GeneralNames(gn);
			DistributionPointName dpn = new DistributionPointName(gns);
			DistributionPoint dp = new DistributionPoint(dpn, null, null);
			dps[i] = dp;
			i++;
		}

		CRLDistPoint crlDistPoint = new CRLDistPoint(dps);

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.CRLDistributionPoints, true,
				crlDistPoint);

		/**
		 * 增量crl Produce an object suitable for an ASN1OutputStream.
		 * 
		 * <pre>
		 * CRLDistPoint ::= SEQUENCE SIZE {1..MAX} OF DistributionPoint
		 * </pre>
		 */

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.FreshestCRL, false, crlDistPoint);
		/**
		 * 主题备用名称
		 */
		GeneralName subjectAlternativeName = new GeneralName(
				GeneralName.directoryName, map.get(GeneralName.directoryName));
		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.SubjectAlternativeName, false,
				new DERSequence(subjectAlternativeName));

		/**
		 * 颁发者备用名称 : 放置签发者的各种不同的命名,map 是各种名称形式
		 */
		GeneralName issuerAlternativeName = new GeneralName(
				GeneralName.directoryName, map.get(GeneralName.directoryName));
		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.IssuerAlternativeName, false,
				new DERSequence(issuerAlternativeName));

		/**
		 * 密钥周期 : 对应私钥的使用期限
		 * 
		 * <pre>
		 *    PrivateKeyUsagePeriod ::= SEQUENCE {
		 *      notBefore       [0]     GeneralizedTime OPTIONAL,
		 *      notAfter        [1]     GeneralizedTime OPTIONAL }
		 * </pre>
		 */
		Date notAfter = new Date();
		Date notBefter = new Date();
		notBefter.setYear(notAfter.getYear() + 10);
		DERGeneralizedTime notAfterKey = new DERGeneralizedTime(notAfter);
		DERGeneralizedTime notBefterKey = new DERGeneralizedTime(notBefter);

		DERTaggedObject dtoNotBefterKey = new DERTaggedObject(false, 0,
				notBefterKey);
		DERTaggedObject dtoNotAfterKey = new DERTaggedObject(false, 1,
				notAfterKey);

		ASN1EncodableVector aevPriKeyUsagePeriod = new ASN1EncodableVector();
		aevPriKeyUsagePeriod.add(dtoNotBefterKey);
		aevPriKeyUsagePeriod.add(dtoNotAfterKey);
		PrivateKeyUsagePeriod pkup = PrivateKeyUsagePeriod
				.getInstance(new DERSequence(aevPriKeyUsagePeriod));
		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.PrivateKeyUsagePeriod, false, pkup);

		/**
		 * 策略限制 PolicyConstraints ::= SEQUENCE { requireExplicitPolicy [0]
		 * SkipCerts OPTIONAL, inhibitPolicyMapping [1] SkipCerts OPTIONAL }
		 */

		int requireExplicitPolicy = 10; // 表明额外的证书的数量
		int inhibitPolicyMapping = 10; // 应用程序支持数量
		ASN1EncodableVector pcVector = new ASN1EncodableVector();
		pcVector.add(new DERTaggedObject(false, 0, new DERInteger(
				requireExplicitPolicy)));
		pcVector.add(new DERTaggedObject(false, 1, new DERInteger(
				inhibitPolicyMapping)));

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.PolicyConstraints, false,
				new DERSequence(pcVector));

		/**
		 * 禁止任何策略:
		 * 扩展项的值是整数N,N表示:在证书路径中,本证书之下的N个证书可带有Any-Policy的证书
		 * (N+1之下的证书就不能有Any-policy)
		 * 
		 * id-ce-inhibitAnyPolicy OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-ce 54 }
		 * 
		 * InhibitAnyPolicy ::= SkipCerts
		 * 
		 * SkipCerts ::= INTEGER (0..MAX)
		 */
		int inhibitAnyPolicy = 10;
		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.InhibitAnyPolicy, false,
				new DERInteger(inhibitAnyPolicy));

		/**
		 * 策略映射 扩展项仅仅存在于交叉证书中,说明了不同CA域之间的CP等级的相互映射关系
		 * 
		 * PolicyMappings ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF SEQUENCE {
		 * issuerDomainPolicy CertPolicyId, subjectDomainPolicy CertPolicyId }
		 */
		Hashtable<String, String> policyHashMap = new Hashtable<String, String>();
		policyHashMap.put("1.1.1.2.3.1", "1.1.1.2.3.4");
		policyHashMap.put("1.1.1.2.3.2", "1.1.1.2.3.5");

		PolicyMappings pms = new PolicyMappings(policyHashMap);

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.PolicyMappings, false, pms);

		/**
		 * 使用者密钥标示符 SubjectKeyIdentifier ::= KeyIdentifier
		 */
		extGen.addExtension(
				X509Extensions.SubjectKeyIdentifier,
				false,
				new SubjectKeyIdentifier(SubjectPublicKeyInfo
						.getInstance(subjectKey.getEncoded())));
		/**
		 * 颁发者密钥标示符 IssuerKeyIdentifier ::= KeyIdentifier
		 */

		extGen.addExtension(
				X509Extensions.AuthorityKeyIdentifier,
				false,
				new AuthorityKeyIdentifier(SubjectPublicKeyInfo
						.getInstance(subjectKey.getEncoded())));
		/**
		 * 主题目录属性 原则上可以加入与Subject有关信息 因为使用了Atrribute Type的OID的、然后说明相对应的值
		 */
		// http://asn1.elibel.tm.fr/cgi-bin/oid/display?oid=1.3.6.1.5.5.7.9&action=display
		// PKIX personal data gender
		String genderOidStr = "1.3.6.1.5.5.7.9.4";

		// PKIX personal data dateOfBirth
		String dateOfBirthOidStr = "1.3.6.1.5.5.7.9.1";

		// 2.5.4.20 - id-at-telephoneNumber
		// http://www.alvestrand.no/objectid/2.5.4.html
		String streetAddressOidStr = "2.5.4.9";

		String telephoneNumberOidStr = "2.5.4.20";
		// http://oid.elibel.tm.fr/0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41
		String mobileTelephoneNumberOidStr = "0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41";

		Vector<Attribute> attributes = new Vector<Attribute>();

		Attribute genderAttribute = new Attribute(new DERObjectIdentifier(
				genderOidStr), new DERSet(new DERPrintableString(
				"汉族".getBytes("UTF-8"))));
		Attribute dateOfBirthAttribute = new Attribute(new DERObjectIdentifier(
				genderOidStr), new DERSet(new DERPrintableString(
				"1992-02-20".getBytes("UTF-8"))));
		Attribute streetAddressAttribute = new Attribute(
				new DERObjectIdentifier(genderOidStr),
				new DERSet(new DERPrintableString("北京市大王庄胡同13号"
						.getBytes("UTF-8"))));
		Attribute telephoneNumberAttribute = new Attribute(
				new DERObjectIdentifier(genderOidStr),
				new DERSet(new DERPrintableString("010-82961368"
						.getBytes("UTF-8"))));
		Attribute mobileTelephoneNumberAttribute = new Attribute(
				new DERObjectIdentifier(genderOidStr),
				new DERSet(new DERPrintableString("13843838438"
						.getBytes("UTF-8"))));

		attributes.add(genderAttribute);
		attributes.add(dateOfBirthAttribute);
		attributes.add(streetAddressAttribute);
		attributes.add(telephoneNumberAttribute);
		attributes.add(mobileTelephoneNumberAttribute);

		// 构建主题目录属性
		SubjectDirectoryAttributes sda = new SubjectDirectoryAttributes(
				attributes);

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.SubjectDirectoryAttributes, false,
				sda);

		/**
		 * 名称限制 : 只在ca中出现,并不是出现在用户证书中,名称限制同时对Subject和SubjeectAltertiveName
		 * 起作用。可以对多种命名进行限制如Email、DNS、X509 DN 等
		 * 如果发现用户证书中的命名(Subject和SubjeectAltertiveName)与CA证书中的Name
		 * Constraints违背,就直接认为该证书无效。必须满足Name Constraints 中的多个不同类型命名的限制
		 * NameConstraints ::= SEQUENCE { permittedSubtrees [0] GeneralSubtrees
		 * OPTIONAL, excludedSubtrees [1] GeneralSubtrees OPTIONAL }
		 * GeneralSubtrees ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF GeneralSubtree
		 */
		Vector<GeneralSubtree> permitted = new Vector<GeneralSubtree>(); // 允许名称列表
		Vector<GeneralSubtree> excluded = new Vector<GeneralSubtree>(); // 限制名称列表

		// 添加允许名称
		GeneralName permitteedNcGn = new GeneralName(GeneralName.directoryName,
				map.get(GeneralName.directoryName));
		GeneralSubtree permittedGsNcGn = new GeneralSubtree(permitteedNcGn,
				BigInteger.ONE, BigInteger.TEN);
		permitted.add(permittedGsNcGn);
		// 添加限制名称
		GeneralName excludedNcGn = new GeneralName(GeneralName.directoryName,
				map.get(GeneralName.directoryName));
		GeneralSubtree excludedGsNcGn = new GeneralSubtree(excludedNcGn,
				BigInteger.ONE, BigInteger.TEN);
		excluded.add(excludedGsNcGn);

		NameConstraints nc = new NameConstraints(permitted, excluded);

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.NameConstraints, false, nc);

		/**
		 * 机构信息访问 id-pe-authorityInfoAccess OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-pe 1 }
		 * AuthorityInfoAccessSyntax ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF
		 * AccessDescription AccessDescription ::= SEQUENCE { accessMethod
		 * OBJECT IDENTIFIER, accessLocation GeneralName } id-ad OBJECT
		 * IDENTIFIER ::= { id-pkix 48 } id-ad-caIssuers OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {
		 * id-ad 2 } id-ad-ocsp OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-ad 1 }
		 */
		ASN1EncodableVector authorityInnfoAccess = new ASN1EncodableVector();

		DERObjectIdentifier id_ad_caIssuers = AccessDescription.id_ad_caIssuers;
		DERObjectIdentifier id_ad_ocsp = AccessDescription.id_ad_ocsp;
		DERObjectIdentifier id_ad_caRepository = new DERObjectIdentifier(
				"1.3.6.1.5.5.7.48.5");

		AccessDescription caIssuers = new AccessDescription(id_ad_caIssuers,
				new GeneralName(GeneralName.uniformResourceIdentifier,
						"http://certService/caIssuers"));
		AccessDescription ocsp = new AccessDescription(id_ad_caIssuers,
				new GeneralName(GeneralName.uniformResourceIdentifier,
						"http://certService/ocsp"));
		AccessDescription caRepository = new AccessDescription(id_ad_caIssuers,
				new GeneralName(GeneralName.uniformResourceIdentifier,
						"http://certService/caRepository"));

		authorityInnfoAccess.add(caIssuers);
		authorityInnfoAccess.add(ocsp);
		authorityInnfoAccess.add(caRepository);

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.AuthorityInfoAccess, false,
				new DERSequence(authorityInnfoAccess));
		/**
	     * 
	     */

		/**
		 * 证书策略
		 * 
		 * <pre>
		 * 
		 * certificatePolicies ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF PolicyInformation
		 * 
		 * PolicyInformation ::= SEQUENCE {
		 *   policyIdentifier   CertPolicyId,
		 *   policyQualifiers   SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF
		 *                           PolicyQualifierInfo OPTIONAL }
		 * 
		 * CertPolicyId ::= OBJECT IDENTIFIER
		 * 
		 * PolicyQualifierInfo ::= SEQUENCE {
		 *   policyQualifierId  PolicyQualifierId,
		 *   qualifier          ANY DEFINED BY policyQualifierId }
		 * 
		 * PolicyQualifierId ::=
		 *   OBJECT IDENTIFIER (id-qt-cps | id-qt-unotice)
		 * </pre>
		 * 
		 * @deprecated use an ASN1Sequence of PolicyInformation
		 */
		PolicyInformation policyInfo1 = new PolicyInformation(
				new DERObjectIdentifier("1.1.1.2.3.1"));
		PolicyInformation policyInfo2 = new PolicyInformation(
				new DERObjectIdentifier("1.1.1.2.3.2"));
		PolicyInformation policyInfo3 = new PolicyInformation(
				new DERObjectIdentifier("1.1.1.2.3.3"));

		ASN1EncodableVector certificatePolicies = new ASN1EncodableVector();
		certificatePolicies.add(policyInfo1);
		certificatePolicies.add(policyInfo2);
		certificatePolicies.add(policyInfo3);

		extGen.addExtension(X509Extensions.CertificatePolicies, true,
				new DERSequence(certificatePolicies));

		return extGen.generate();
	}
    /**
     * 产生密钥对
     * @param alg  签名算法
     * @return  密钥对
     * @throws Exception
     */
	public static KeyPair genKeyPair(String alg) throws Exception {
		KeyPairGenerator genKeyPair = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance(alg);
		genKeyPair.initialize(2048);
		return genKeyPair.genKeyPair();
	}
	/**
	 * 签名 
	 * @param alg  签名算法 
	 * @param planText 签名原文
	 * @param priKey   签名私钥
	 * @return   签名信息  byte[]
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static byte[] sign(String alg, byte[] planText, PrivateKey priKey)
			throws Exception {
		if (alg == null)
			return null;
		if ("RSA".equals(alg))
			alg = "SHA1withRSA";
		else
			throw new Exception("不支持的算法。");

		Signature sign = Signature.getInstance(alg);
		sign.initSign(priKey);
		sign.update(planText);
		return sign.sign();
	}

}
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