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htpasswd.cgi 网页远道修改gerrit ht 认证的密码文件

更新时间: 2014-01-05 02:02:39 责任编辑: Author_N1

 

htpasswd.cgi 网页远程修改gerrit ht 认证的密码文件

在搭建gerrit系统时,一般都会采用apache的.htacces 认证方法 但trac本身并不提供修改密码的功能,修改密码只能通过htpasswd/htpasswd2命令来进行,这的确是一件相当不make sense的事。
其实,利用一个免费的perl脚本可以方便的通过http方式修改apache的认证文件。
  文件名:htpasswd.pl,获取地址http://home.xnet.com/~efflandt/pub/htpasswd.pl
该脚本可以通过web浏览器从你的htpasswd文件直接增加或者删除用户,管理者密码是经过加密的。该脚本本身并不保护一个目录,也不创建一个口令保护功能。它仅用来帮助你管理你的口令文件。这就是说在你的服务器上事先应有口令文件时,该脚本方可发挥作用。

 

安装&配置

1.拷贝htpasswd.pl至cgi-bin目录

linux对应 /var/www/cgi-bin
suse对应/srv/www/cgi-bin
fedora对应/var/www/cgi-bin

或者放置在例如如/usr/lib 的任意位置,不过需要在apache的配置文件vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/default添加:

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
    <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

2.改名
把htpasswd.pl改名为htpasswd.cgi
3.用文本编辑器打开配置脚本(cfg.pl)
编辑如下变量:
#!/usr/local/bin/perl 修改为 #!/bin/perl
配置要修改的apache认证文件,找到以下几行
# Password file with full system path (where not accessible by URL).
$file = '/home/gerrit/gerrit.passwd'; 修改为你的验证文件是/etc/apache2/auth-file
step4 chmod 755 htpasswd.cgi

已经配置搭建好apache的话,访问http://localhost/cgi-bin/htpasswd.cgi即可出现密码修改页面
#!/usr/bin/perl 

# htpasswd.cgi by David Efflandt (efflandt@xnet.com) 8/97
# Last update 10/4/99
#
# Update password file from the web for use with user authentication.
# Stores each line in the format: username:crypted_password
#
# Built-in form is provided if you GET the script.
# Form is processed if you POST to this script.
#
# If you want your passwords to be secure, it is best to run this
# suid as you (chmod 4705 htpasswd.cgi) which may require C wrapper.
# Also keep this script in a directory that requires user authentication
# unless you allow new users to set their own password (see $allow_new).
#
# If not running suid you should touch the password file first and
# chmod 606 (or whatever is req'd to access it as you and webserver).
#
# To add or remove users by an administrator, create a user called 'admin'
# with a password.  Enter username you want to add or remove with admin
# password as "Current Password" (plus new passwords for new users).
#
# Anyone may remove their own name from the password file if they supply
# their correct password.

### Variables

# Password file with full system path (where not accessible by URL).
$file = '/home/gerrit/gerrit.passwd';

# Allow anyone to add new users (1 = yes, 0 = no)
$allow_new = 0;

# Set untainted path for suid scripts
$ENV{PATH} = '/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin';
$ENV{IFS} = "" if $ENV{IFS} ne "";

### End of Variables

# Create form and exit on GET
&make_form unless ($ENV{'REQUEST_METHOD'} eq "POST");

# Get POST input
read(STDIN, $buffer, $ENV{'CONTENT_LENGTH'});

# Split the name-value pairs
@pairs = split(/&/, $buffer);

foreach $pair (@pairs)
{
  ($name, $value) = split(/=/, $pair);

  $value =~ tr/+/ /;
  $value =~ s/%([a-fA-F0-9][a-fA-F0-9])/pack("C", hex($1))/eg;
  $name =~ tr/+/ /;
  $name =~ s/%([a-fA-F0-9][a-fA-F0-9])/pack("C", hex($1))/eg;

  $FORM{$name} = $value;
}

if ($FORM{user}) {
  $user = $FORM{user};
} else {
  &error("Error", "Username missing from form.");
}
$pwd = $FORM{old};
$command = $FORM{command};
unless (($command eq 'remove')
    ||($FORM{new} && $FORM{new} eq $FORM{new2})) {
  &error("Password Mismatch", "New password mismatch or missing.");
}

# Get existing passwords
if (-e $file) {
  open (IN, $file) or &error("Error", "Can't open password file: $!");
  flock(IN,2);
  seek(IN,0,0);
  while (<IN>) {
    chomp;
    ($name, $value, $tail) = split(/:/, $_, 3);
    $hash{$name} = $value;
    $tail{$name} = $tail; # maintain any additional fields
  }
  close IN;
}

# Salt for crypt
@range = ('0'..'9','a'..'z','A'..'Z','.','/');
srand ( time() ^ ($$ + ($$ << 15)) );
$salt = $range[rand(int($#range)+1)] . $range[rand(int($#range)+1)];

# Check for valid password or existing user
$pass = $hash{$user} if $hash{$user};
$cpwd = crypt($pwd, $pass);
$admin = $hash{admin} && crypt($pwd, $hash{admin}) eq $hash{admin};

if (($command ne 'new') && ($admin || $pass && $cpwd eq $pass)) {
  if ($command eq 'remove') {
    delete($hash{$user}); delete($tail{$user});
    $msg = "User <B>$user</B> was removed from password file.";
  } elsif (!$pass) {
    $msg = "WARNING! 'Change Password' checked for non-existing user?\n"
    . "<P>Assigning password for new user <B>$user</B> anyway.\n"
    . "<P>If this was an error, go back and 'Remove User'";
  } else {
    $msg = "Password has been updated for $user.";
  }
} elsif ($FORM{command} eq 'new') {
  if ($pass) {
    &error("Sorry", "User <B>$user</B> is already assigned.");
  }elsif ($allow_new || $admin) {
    $msg = "Password has been assigned for new user $user.";
  } else {
    &begin_html("Sorry, New User");
    print "Contact file owner for password you can change later.";
    &end_html;
    exit;
  }
} else {
  &error("Password Error",
    "Invalid user or password or forgot to check 'New User'.");
}

# Assign new password to user and write to file
$hash{$user} = crypt($FORM{new}, $salt) if $command ne 'remove';
if (open(OUT, ">$file")) {
  flock(OUT,2);
  seek(OUT,0,0);
  foreach $name (sort keys %hash) {
    print OUT "$name:$hash{$name}";
    print OUT ":$tail{$name}" if $tail{$name};
    print OUT "\n";
  }
} else {
  &error("Error","Can't update password file: $!");
}

# Print Return HTML
&begin_html("Thank You");
print "$msg\n";
&end_html;

### Subroutines

#subroutine begin_html(title)
sub begin_html {
  local ($title) = @_;
  print "Content-type: text/html\n\n";
  print "<html><head><title>$title</title></head><body>\n";
  print "<center><h1>$title</h1></center>\n<hr><p>\n";
}

#subroutine end_html
sub end_html {
# Add footer links here
  print "<P></body></html>\n";
}

#subroutine make_form
sub make_form {
  &begin_html("Change password for Gerrit");

print <<NEW_FORM;
Use this form to change your password for access to Gerrit code review system.

<FORM METHOD="POST" ACTION="$ENV{SCRIPT_NAME}">

<DL>
<DT> Username:
<DD><INPUT NAME="user">

<DT> Current Password:
<DD><INPUT TYPE=PASSWORD NAME="old">

<DT> New Password:
<DD><INPUT TYPE=PASSWORD NAME="new">

<DT> Confirm New Password:
<DD><INPUT TYPE=PASSWORD NAME="new2">

<DT>Request:
<DD>
  <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="command" VALUE="change" CHECKED> Change Password
</DL>

<P><INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE=" Submit ">
</FORM>
NEW_FORM
  &end_html;
  exit;
}

sub error {
  local($title,$msg) = @_;
  &begin_html($title);
  print "<P>$msg\n";
  print "<P>Please check your name and re-enter passwords.\n";
  &end_html;
  exit;
}




 

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