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mysql根本查询语句练习

更新时间: 2014-01-05 02:09:35 责任编辑: Author_N1

 

MySQL基本查询语句练习
努力很久只为获得别人尊重的眼光。
		——我是,董宏宇,我为自己代言。
		 技术交流QQ:1358506549(请注明你的来意)



use xsx;
CREATE TABLE Course(
       Cno char(3) NOT NULL ,
       Cname varchar (50)  NULL ,
       Cpno char (3) NULL ,
       Ccredit tinyint NULL
);
CREATE TABLE SC(
       Sno char(5) NOT NULL ,
       Cno char(3)  NOT NULL ,
       Grade tinyint NULL,
       primary key(Sno,Cno)
) ;
CREATE TABLE Student (
       Sno char(5)  NOT NULL primary key,
       Sname char(10)  NULL ,
       Ssex char(2) NULL ,
       Sage int NULL ,
       Sdept char(4) NULL
) ;


Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95001','李勇','男',20,'CS');
Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95002','刘晨','女',19,'IS');
Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95003','王敏','女',18,'MA');
Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95004','张立','男',21,'IS');
Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95005','林燕芳','女',18,'IS');
Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95006','林燕虹','女',17,'IS');
Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95007','欧阳锋','男',19,'MA');
Insert  into student   (Sno,Sname,Ssex,Sage,Sdept)      Values('95008','欧阳木兰','女',16,'CS');
 
 
 
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('1','数据库','5',4);
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('2','数学',NULL,2);
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('3','信息系统','1',4);
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('4','操作系统','6',3);
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('5','数据结构','6',3);
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('6','数据处理', '2' ,2);
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('7','PASCAL语言','6',4);
Insert  into course   (Cno,Cname,Cpno,Ccredit)      Values('8','DB_DESIGN','6',3);
 
 
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','1',92);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','2',85);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','3',88);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','4',23);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','5',34);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','6',56);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','7',86);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95001','8',88);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95002','2',90);

Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95002','3',80);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95003','1',50);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95003','3',98);
Insert  into sc   (Sno,Cno,Grade)      Values('95005','3',null);


//查询全体学生的学号和姓名
select sno,sname from student;

//查询全体学生的姓名、学号和所在系
select sno,sname,sdept from student;

//查询全体学生的详细记录
select * from student;

//查询全体学生的姓名及其出生年份
select sname,sage from student;

//查询全体学生姓名、出生年份和所在系,要求用小写字母表示所有系名
select sname,sage,lower(sdept) from student;

//查询选修了课程的学生学号
select distinct  student.sno from student,sc where student.Sno=sc.Sno;

//查询计算机系(CS)所有学生的名单
select sname from student where sdept="cs";

//查询所有年龄在20以下学生的姓名和年龄
select sname,sage from student where sage<20;

//查询考试成绩有不及格的学生的学号
select sno from sc where grade<60;




// 查询年龄在20-23 (包括20和23)之间的学生的姓名、系别和年龄
select sname,sdept,sage from student where sage<=23 and sage>=20;

//查询信息系(IS)、数学系(MA)和计算机科学系(CS)学生的姓名和性别
select sname,ssex from student where sdept="is" or sdept="ma" or sdept='cs';

//查询学号为95001的学生的详细情况
select * from student where sno=95001;

//查询所有姓林的学生的姓名、学号和性别
select sname,sno,ssex from student where sname like "林%";

//查询姓“欧阳”且全名为三个汉字的学生的姓名
select sname from student where sname like "欧阳_";

//查询名字中第二个字为“燕”字的学生姓名和学号
select sname,sno from student where sname like "_燕%";


//查询所有不姓“刘”的学生的姓名
select sname from student where sname not like "刘%";

//查询课程名为“DB_DESIGN”的课程号的学分
select cno,ccredit from course where  cname="DB_DESIGN";

//查询缺少成绩的学生的学号和相应的课程号(成绩字段值为Null)
select Sno,Cno from sc where grade<=>null;

//查询所有有成绩的学生的学号和课程号
select sno,cno from sc where not grade<=>null;

//查询所有计算机系年龄在20以下的学生姓名
select sname from student where sage<20 and sdept="cs";




//查询选修了3号课程的学生的学号和成绩,查询结果按分数降序排列
select sno,grade from sc where cno=3 order by grade desc;

//查询全体学生情况,查询结果按所在系的系号升序排列,同一系中的学生按年龄降序排列
select * from  student  order by  sdept,sage desc;  ( asc是默认排序方式)

//查询学生总人数
select count(*) as '学生总人数' from student;

//查询选修了课程的学生人数
select count(*) as '选修了课程的学生人数' from (select sno,count(*) as  '选修了课程数' from sc group by sno)as s;

//计算1号课程的学生的平均成绩
select avg(grade)as'1号课程的学生的平均成绩' from sc where cno='1';

//计算1号课程的学生的最高成绩分数
select max(grade)as '1号课程的学生的最高成绩分数' from sc where cno='1';





//求各个课程号及相应的选课人数
select cno as '专业号',count(*) from  sc group by cno;

//查询选修了三门以上课程的学生学号
select sno from sc  group by sno having count(cno)>3;

//查询每个学生及其选修课情况
select student.sno,sname,cname from sc join student on student.Sno=sc.Sno join course on sc.Cno=course.Cno;
select student.sno,sname,cname from sc join student on student.Sno=sc.Sno join course on sc.Cno=course.Cno order by sno asc;

//查询每一门课的间接先行课
select course.Cno,course.Cname,course2.cpno from course,course course2 where course.Cpno=course2.cno order by cno asc;

//选修2号课程且成绩在90以上的学生的学号和姓名
select student.sno,sname from sc join student on student.Sno=sc.Sno where sc.Cno=2 and sc.Grade>90;

//查询每个学生的学号、姓名、选修的课程名及成绩
select student.Sno,sname,course.Cname,sc.Grade from sc join student on sc.Sno=student.Sno join course on sc.Cno=course.Cno order by sno asc;

//查询与’林燕芳’在同一个系学习的学生姓名
select sname from student where sdept = (select sdept from student where sname='林燕芳') and sname!='林燕芳';

// 查询选修了“信息系统”的学生学号和姓名
select sno,sname from student where sno=any(select sno from sc where Cno=all(select cno from course where Cname='信息系统'));

//查询其他系中比信息系某一学生小的学生姓名和年龄
select sname,sage from student where sage<all(select sage from  student where sdept='is')and sage!='is';


//查询所有选修了1号课程的学生的学生姓名
select sname from student where sno in (select sno from sc where cno=1);

//查询选修了全部课程的学生姓名
select sname from student where not exists (select * from course where not exists (select * from  sc where sno=student.Sno and cno=course.Cno));

//至少选修了学生95002选修全部课程的学生号码
select distinct sno from sc  scx 
	where not exists
	(select * from sc scy where scy.sno='95002' and not exists 
	(select * from sc scz where scz.sno=scx.sno and scz.cno=scy.cno));









select student.sno,student.sname,student.ssex,student.sage,student.Sdept,sc.cno,sc.grade,course.cname,course.cpno,
	course.ccredit from student,sc,course where student.sno=95001 and student.Sno=sc.Sno and sc.Cno=course.Cno;
select student.Sno,sname,ssex,sage,sdept,course.Cname,sc.Grade from sc join student on student.Sno=sc.Sno
	join course on sc.Cno=course.Cno where student.Sno=95001; 


选修数据库的人详细信息
select * from student where sno in(select sno from sc where cno in(select cno from course where cname='数据库'));




努力很久只为获得别人尊重的眼光。
		——我是,董宏宇,我为自己代言。
		 技术交流QQ:1358506549(请注明你的来意)











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